Video: How to Do the Front Squat
Great in-depth instructional video by Jeff Nippard
What Muscles do Front Squats Work
While the front squat, low bar squat, and Zercher squat are all squat variations, the bar position changes altering the mechanics change and the demands placed on each muscle.
To prevent from tipping over and getting a good push, your center of gravity needs to remain over the center of your foot. In a front squat where the weight is positioned on the front of your shoulders, you have to maintain an upright torso. Compare that to the back squat where your torso leans forward more. This places more stress on the front part of your body.
The quads are the primary mover. At the bottom of the squat the glutes become more involved.
The upper back muscles.
Photo by Sergio Pedemonte on Unsplash